Concluding remarks

We must say that there is not one particular type of grammar instruction approach better than others. However, we must emphasize again that effective types of grammar instruction share a common and essential ingredient: input. In order to develop effective grammar tasks, instructors should ensure that input is manipulated so to facilitate input processing and grammar acquisition. Learners should be encouraged to make accurate form-meaning mappings. Grammar tasks should focus on both form and meaning and output practice should follow input practice. Very important is to use a variety an eclectic approach to grammar instruction. One size does not fit all!