In a jigsaw collaborative output task, L2 learners can work in pairs or small groups. Each pair or group has different information and they have to exchange their information with their partner(s) to complete the task.


Jigsaw tasks take this form:


1) A pair of learners or a group is each given a partially completed text/ chart/passage. The text includes a cloze component;
2) One grammatical form is removed from the text (learner’s version);
3) Learners will all have to ask the partner or members to supply missing information in order to complete the task.

1) ペアまたはグループは不完全な表や文章を受け取ります。部分的に欠如した文章などです。
2) ある文法形式は取り除かれています(学習者用)
3) 学習者はペアや仲間に尋ねて、欠落した情報を埋めてタスクを完成させます。

This type of task provides L2 learners with an opportunity to direct their attention to the target form. It also provides a large amount of negotiation, as all participants have to speak and to understand each other to complete the task. In a typical jigsaw task, L2 learners are asked to work in pairs. They each have different information and they have to give and receive information to complete a task.


The information might be about where they come from, how many other people live in their house, how many pets they have, what their favorite sports are, and what music they like best. Learners take turns to ask and answer questions without looking at their partner’s chart. Both partners must request and supply missing information to complete all the details. In this task learners ask questions in order to complete the table with the missing information.